Policy highlights:

  • This report provides a global overview of recent trends in social protection systems. Although social protection policies have been gaining momentum, only 17.8% of the Sub-Saharan population are covered by at least one social protection cash benefit (globally, that figure is 45%), which is often confined to workers in the formal economy (the proportion of unemployed persons receiving benefits is only 5.6%, mainly due to informality and a lack of proper schemes).
  • Some upcoming policy fields include social protection in fragile states and social protection for migrant workers. These types of developments require adapting social protection systems to (e.g. demographic) change. Reforms should be designed from a long-term perspective and with the achievement of the SDGs in mind, considering both social impacts and not letting (short-term) fiscal objectives obstruct impact.
  • Africa’s demographic dividend is mentioned as an opportunity to increase social protection: a larger working-age population leads to a decrease in demographic pressure, while increased production ratios provide the means to facilitate social protection. However, this is dependent on a country’s ability to increase labour market productivity and decrease informality and un/underemployment.
  • Countries have a responsibility to guarantee at least a basic level of social security – a social protection floor. In Sub-Saharan Africa, policies should focus on: 1) extending social protection to informal workers to formalize and improve conditions, 2) developing social assistance schemes for those who cannot work, 3) implementing universal health coverage systems, 4) reviewing national social protection policies that combine non-contributory and contributory schemes,  5) identifying innovative fiscal strategies for increased spending and adequate coverage (levels of social protection benefits are often insufficient to bring people out of poverty and insecurity), 6) strengthening and improving legal and regulatory frameworks, 7) strengthening capacity and institutions, and 8) enhancing resilience to climate and other shocks, integrating resilient livelihoods support, and improving coordination between social protection and emergency response systems.
Share this post

Related items

5 Key insights for greening TVET in the solar industry in Africa

This year INCLUDE joined the Solar Hands-on Training and International Network of Exchange (SHINE). In this EU-funded consortium, we are working together with African VET schools and European partners on greening Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for the solar industry in Africa. As the research partner, we are laying the project's theoretical foundation. Through literature review and discussions with experts and practitioners, we have gleaned key insights that are shared in this blog. 

Siri profile picture
Infographic: How to Make Plastic Waste Work for Green & Decent Jobs for Youth in Africa

Plastic waste recycling presents an opportunity to create sustainable jobs while benefiting the environment. But the question remains, how can stakeholders contribute to a conducive waste recycling ecosystem, unlocking its green job potential among Africa’s youth? We are excited to present an infographic showcasing the pathways and recommendations for Green & Decent Jobs for Youth in Africa.

Closing the loop: 3 barriers to decent youth employment in Africa’s waste management sector

This blog is part of a research project on the opportunities for decent work for youth in Africa’s Waste Recycling Sector, in collaboration with the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment (CFYE). Waste management in Africa is a major challenge for sustainable and inclusive development. Due to poor management, 90% of the waste generated in Africa is disposed of in landfills and uncontrolled dumpsites with severe consequences for the environment and people working in the waste management sector.

Green jobs & the future of work in Africa: the story of Olivia Onyemaobi and Pad-Up Creations

In this video, we present the story of Olivia Onyemaobi, Nigerian entrepreneur and founder of Pad-Up Creations, a social enterprise producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary pads in partnership with CFYE.

Inclusive Youth Agripreneurship in Africa: A New Report and a Comprehensive Policy Brief on Advancing Youth Entrepreneurship in Agriculture

The Inclusive Youth Agripreneurship in Africa research project is a joint venture between The Broker and two Dutch knowledge platforms, the Netherlands Food Partnership and INCLUDE. The project's goal is to strengthen the existing research on best practices for youth agripreneurship programs and policies, catalyzing action from policymakers and youth organizations alike. The project was finalized with two innovative knowledge products, both of which are now available for download.