This two-pager provides highlights of a debate on sustainability of social investments and indirect employment, part of a series of five dialogs on inclusive policies and youth employment in the extractive sector in Mozambique held through 2016 and presented in a national workshop on 25 May 2017.
Highlights from the debate
Examples of investment opportunities and potential areas for jobs (direct and indirect) and businesses in the extractive industry value chain are:
- Infrastructure: Rail port, power plants, roads, bridges, telecommunications
- Goods and services: Accommodation, catering, medical care, training, food, consulting, general trade, transport of freight and logistics, miscellaneous general and industrial services
- Industries: Cement, petrochemicals, aluminium sulphate, fertilizers, jewellery, household gas
- Support of: Geological analysis, research, computing, environment, hygiene and safety at work, and miscellaneous services (maritime, technical, equipment review and maintenance, security, aviation, supplies for vessels, field services, road transport, support bases, disposal management of waste, etc.)
- Other businesses (e.g., graphite): School supplies/pencils, car accessories, brushes with electric motors, lubricants, paints, melting ovens, etc.
Strategies to enhance sustainability
- Investments in agricultural production, aimed at food security and nutrition through the use of appropriate technologies among other strategies
- Diversification of domestic production for self-sufficiency and increase in export products
- Encourage use of corporate social responsibility (CSR) for social and environmental activities.
- Enhance access to information by youth on the legislation governing the processes of exploitation and the commercialization of mineral resources so that youths benefit.
- Use tax exemptions to promote social investments for example, in health services for the local community.
- Local content strategy of supporting MSMEs to provide goods and services to large companies.