Policy highlights:

  • Youth unemployment is a serious problem in Africa: an estimated 33% of the youth are in wage employment, while the rest are underemployed or in vulnerable employment. Unless employment opportunities are created, Africa’s rapidly growing youth population will cause serious social, economic, political and security challenges.
  • As many parts of the world are witnessing a rapidly aging population, Africa could become the newest centre for youth entrepreneurship globally. In order to unlock this potential, however, policy changes are necessary.

 

  • For the jobs of the future new skills are needed, especially in the sciences, engineering, mathematics and computer sciences. Yet, African universities are not producing enough people in these fields: About 70% of enrolments are in social science fields, with less than 2% in engineering.
  • Policymakers are advised to: 1) put in place incentives to produce more graduates with skills in relevant fields; 2) treat agriculture as a business, not a way of life, as this sector has great potential for job creation; and 3) create conducive environments for the businesses of young people to thrive (e.g. by removing tax barriers and providing easier access to finance).
Connected themes
Share this post

Related items

AERC Regional Policy Forum summary

The AERC hosted a virtual Regional Policy Forum on 28 March 2022. The forum brought together key stakeholders who play important roles in shaping new research findings, paving new policy directions, and initiating innovative practices in the areas of youth and employment.

Getting up to speed with inclusive development

The INCLUDE team’s reading list: March 2022 Every month we share with our readers a…

cairo-workers
Identifying Economic Sectors to Create Employment for Youth in Africa: key findings from selected country cases

Growth Sectors for Youth Employment (GSYE) is an African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) collaborative research…

John_maara_Photo_
Getting up to speed with inclusive development

The INCLUDE team’s reading list: February 2022

The world youngest continent is looking for work

The African continent is undergoing an important demographic transformation that will, for the better or the worse, drastically change its labor market. According to the World Bank, every year 12 million young people enter the job market while only 3 million formal jobs are created. With a median age of 25 years old, the African continent is the youngest in the world.

Maya Turolla Profile