This two-pager provides highlights of a debate on equal opportunities in accessing employment and education, part of a series of five dialogs on inclusive policies and youth employment in the extractive sector in Mozambique held through 2016 and presented in a national workshop on 25 May 2017.

The key highlights

  • Inequitable access to employment, education and social policies in Mozambique results from limited financial resources, residing far from the workplace place, low level of education, little work experience, language limitations and stigma or discrimination.
  • Women still tend to hold low-paying jobs, tend to fulfil social roles in the community although some have been advanced within companies and perform jobs and functions that are seen as masculine.

Proposed solutions

  • Training to raise awareness on the socially-constructed factors underlying gender inequality.
  • Men have an important role to play in motivating women to realize that they are capable and should compete for job openings.
  • Combating early marriage among girls to help them believe in a different future, in which they can continue their education and be employed.
  • Affirmative action be used as a strategy for social inclusion.
  • Address barriers to employment for those with little experience in the extractive industry firms
  • There is a need for training to prepare the national and local workforce to compete on an equal basis with the job opportunities.
  • Companies should have fair and transparent criteria for hiring local staff and that the government of Mozambique should enforce such criteria and processes, including by ensuring the equal treatment of workers within extractive industry companies.
  • Encourage coexistence involving mutual respect and adaptation to habits, attitudes, and ways of thinking, acting and working between extractive firms and local population.
  • Enhance digital inclusion of rural populations, youth and people with limited access to the Internet, television, newspaper and radio.
Share this post

Related items

Digital Skills for Youth Employment in Africa

Digitalisation and technological advancements are changing the world of work and the skills needed for employment. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone an estimated 230 million jobs will require digital skills within the next decade offering employment opportunities for its ever growing youth population. However, young people in Africa face several barriers that prevent them to obtain the types of skills required for employment. The evidence synthesis paper published by INCLUDE explores the challenges and opportunities of this digital transformation and presents recommendations of how to equip Africa’s youth for the future of work.

By Ruth van de Velde +2 more
A decent proposal: self-employment for women in Uganda

This blog is part of a case study that examined decent work in the context of the work lives of self-employed and rural women in central Uganda in collaboration with 100WEEKS, a cash transfer graduation programme.

Six key insights for green jobs for youth in Africa

The African green transition has the potential to create a plurality of job opportunities that help tackle the negative consequences of climate change: green jobs. To find out what is needed to facilitate green jobs for young people in Africa, INCLUDE and Palladium engaged in a collaborative research project in the context of the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment.

Siri profile picture
youth at work 2 pager
Youth @ Work: 5 pathways for change

How to address the African missing job crisis through green and digital jobs, while assuring that none is left behind? INCLUDE's recently published evidence synthesis paper series provides a number of potential solutions: they were discussed in the webinar series Youth@Work, from which we present five key insights.

Maya Turolla Profile
AERC Regional Policy Forum summary

The AERC hosted a virtual Regional Policy Forum on 28 March 2022. The forum brought together key stakeholders who play important roles in shaping new research findings, paving new policy directions, and initiating innovative practices in the areas of youth and employment.