Policy highlights:

  • Overall, a similar proportion of women and men use ICT at work. However, women are less likely than men to do work that uses advanced digital skills (6% vs 9%) or to be a digital specialist (3% vs 5%). The flexibility offered by many digital jobs can be especially beneficial to women, who often combine work with other responsibilities. However, it is not enough to create more jobs, there is a need for good quality jobs. What a good quality job entails is diverse and can depend on factors like age, income, race, class, urban/rural differences and disabilities.
  • Policies should combine a focus on on the supply and demand side, some policies work for both at the same time. For example, an intervention can focus on reducing biases against women by parents, spouses, employers and women themselves. Examples of promising strategies for improving digital employment opportunities for women include: (1) impact sourcing, which can connect vulnerable young women with microwork and business process outsourcing opportunities and provide on-the-job skills training, or (2) job-matching platforms, which can help young women to develop professional networks and identify female mentors.
  • This report introduces a typology of digitial jobs that require diverse skill sets. Different groups of women (e.g. those in rural areas) benefit from different types of employment interventions depending on factors like skill level and mobility.
  • Recommendations for policymakers based on the 19 case studies in this report include: (1) Having a broad understanding of the local context and specific constraints. This is important considering the rapidly-changing context of the digital economy. For women, understanding roles, needs, opportunities and limitations is key. (2) Supply-side interventions should include a targeted, integrated package of services and a proper monitoring and evaluation system. The recruitment of women can be an issue, due to their time and financial constraints as well as their household responsibilities. Blended training that includes online courses can offer solutions, while on-the-job learning has yielded promising results in terms of showing women how these skills can offer them opportunities. The proper screening of participants is important for continued engagement, to ensure that programmes truly meet the needs, abilities and ambitions of the beneficiaries. Finally, an intervention can be more successful when it builds self-confidence. This can be done through interactive learning experiences, building communication and leadership skills, and providing female role models.
Share this post

Related items

5 Key insights for greening TVET in the solar industry in Africa

This year INCLUDE joined the Solar Hands-on Training and International Network of Exchange (SHINE). In this EU-funded consortium, we are working together with African VET schools and European partners on greening Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for the solar industry in Africa. As the research partner, we are laying the project's theoretical foundation. Through literature review and discussions with experts and practitioners, we have gleaned key insights that are shared in this blog. 

Siri profile picture
Infographic: How to Make Plastic Waste Work for Green & Decent Jobs for Youth in Africa

Plastic waste recycling presents an opportunity to create sustainable jobs while benefiting the environment. But the question remains, how can stakeholders contribute to a conducive waste recycling ecosystem, unlocking its green job potential among Africa’s youth? We are excited to present an infographic showcasing the pathways and recommendations for Green & Decent Jobs for Youth in Africa.

Closing the loop: 3 barriers to decent youth employment in Africa’s waste management sector

This blog is part of a research project on the opportunities for decent work for youth in Africa’s Waste Recycling Sector, in collaboration with the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment (CFYE). Waste management in Africa is a major challenge for sustainable and inclusive development. Due to poor management, 90% of the waste generated in Africa is disposed of in landfills and uncontrolled dumpsites with severe consequences for the environment and people working in the waste management sector.

Green jobs & the future of work in Africa: the story of Olivia Onyemaobi and Pad-Up Creations

In this video, we present the story of Olivia Onyemaobi, Nigerian entrepreneur and founder of Pad-Up Creations, a social enterprise producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary pads in partnership with CFYE.

Inclusive Youth Agripreneurship in Africa: A New Report and a Comprehensive Policy Brief on Advancing Youth Entrepreneurship in Agriculture

The Inclusive Youth Agripreneurship in Africa research project is a joint venture between The Broker and two Dutch knowledge platforms, the Netherlands Food Partnership and INCLUDE. The project's goal is to strengthen the existing research on best practices for youth agripreneurship programs and policies, catalyzing action from policymakers and youth organizations alike. The project was finalized with two innovative knowledge products, both of which are now available for download.