INCLUDE Platform

Social protection in the Afar region

Social protection for inclusive development in the Afar Region of Ethiopia

This study looks at how social protection measures can better lead to inclusive growth through an investigation of the effectiveness and impact of social protection interventions in the Afar Region of Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Government has formulated a number of interventions, notably the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP), to reduce poverty and bring about economic development. Although these policies and strategies have led to economic growth and poverty reduction at the national level, some areas of the country such the Afar Region registered lower poverty reduction than other regions. Studies of PSNP’s contribution to the improvement of people’s livelihoods show divergent results in terms of asset growth and poverty reduction. This study, therefore, evaluates the effectiveness of PSNP by looking its impact on poverty, food security and livelihoods in the Afar Region.

The research questions are:

1. What type of social protection practices are available in the study area and how are they applied to different population groups? What is their effectiveness?

2. What is the current level of poverty in the study area? What is the level of vulnerability to poverty among different population groups? Why has poverty remained high compared to other regions of the country?

3. What has the impact of social protection programmes been? What was the impact of PSNP on poverty reduction (income) and risk minimization?

The study will use both primary and secondary data. Primary data will be gathered through structured and semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions. Secondary data will be drawn from published and unpublished documents obtained from the national and regional offices of Pastoral and Rural Development, the Afar region Bureau of Disaster Prevention and Emergency, the Zonal Bureau of Pastoral and Rural Development and the Zonal Administration Office.

The study will identify evidence of alternative social protection interventions appropriate for pastoral communities. A national workshop will be held at the end of the first year of the project and an international conference at the end of the project to discuss the knowledge generated with relevant policy actors at local, regional and international levels. The international conference will be organized through a formal call for papers on issues related to the theme ‘Social protection for inclusive development in pastoralists areas of Sub-Saharan Africa’.

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  • Adigrat University
  • Pastoral and Environmental Network in the Horn of Africa
  • University College London

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