Policy highlights:

  • Most countries face challenges in translating economic growth into social progress. Out of the 103 countries included in this study, 51% saw their Inclusive Development Index (IDI) score decline over the past five years. In 42% of the countries IDI decreased despite an increase in GDP. In over 75% of the countries wealth inequality rose by 6.3%.
  • Whereas advanced countries were found to have diminishing returns from monetary policy measures, limited fiscal space and unfavourable demographic trends (e.g. in Japan); middle-income countries experience weak exports and commodity prices, currency depreciation and capital flight; while lower-income countries face inadequate access to basic services, education and infrastructure, as well as weak legal, tax and investment conditions.
  • Boosting economic growth and equity can be achieved by: 1) a mixture of demand- and supply-side structural reforms, which can boost consumption and job creation in the short term, while raising the economy’s long-term growth potential through lasting improvements in labour productivity, household finances, real-economy investment, and innovation, 2) discrete national investment targets and a public-private implementation strategy in five areas of human capital formation (active labour market policies, equal access to quality basic education, gender parity, non-standard work benefits and protections, and effective school-to-work transitions), and 3) the reprioritization of the structural economic policies of international organizations.
Connected themes
Share this post

Related items

Infographic: How to Make Plastic Waste Work for Green & Decent Jobs for Youth in Africa

Plastic waste recycling presents an opportunity to create sustainable jobs while benefiting the environment. But the question remains, how can stakeholders contribute to a conducive waste recycling ecosystem, unlocking its green job potential among Africa’s youth? We are excited to present an infographic showcasing the pathways and recommendations for Green & Decent Jobs for Youth in Africa.

Closing the loop: 3 barriers to decent youth employment in Africa’s waste management sector

This blog is part of a research project on the opportunities for decent work for youth in Africa’s Waste Recycling Sector, in collaboration with the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment (CFYE). Waste management in Africa is a major challenge for sustainable and inclusive development. Due to poor management, 90% of the waste generated in Africa is disposed of in landfills and uncontrolled dumpsites with severe consequences for the environment and people working in the waste management sector.

Green jobs & the future of work in Africa: the story of Olivia Onyemaobi and Pad-Up Creations

In this video, we present the story of Olivia Onyemaobi, Nigerian entrepreneur and founder of Pad-Up Creations, a social enterprise producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary pads in partnership with CFYE.

Digital Skills for Youth Employment in Africa

Digitalisation and technological advancements are changing the world of work and the skills needed for employment. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone an estimated 230 million jobs will require digital skills within the next decade offering employment opportunities for its ever growing youth population. However, young people in Africa face several barriers that prevent them to obtain the types of skills required for employment. The evidence synthesis paper published by INCLUDE explores the challenges and opportunities of this digital transformation and presents recommendations of how to equip Africa’s youth for the future of work.

By Ruth van de Velde +3 more
A decent proposal: self-employment for women in Uganda

This blog is part of a case study that examined decent work in the context of the work lives of self-employed and rural women in central Uganda in collaboration with 100WEEKS, a cash transfer graduation programme.