Policy highlights:

  • This report points to some inequalities that are particularly harmful for economic growth in Africa: 1) all inequalities in terms of income distribution between the middle and the bottom and between the bottom and top income-segments; 2) the advantages that males have over females in labour market participation; 3) inequality in human capital distribution – or the proportion of people with primary education and less, to those with secondary education and above.
  • Based on these findings recommendations can be made for immediate as well as long-term policy action: 1) reduce man-made barriers to trade, followed by creating cross-border and inter-regional infrastructure linkages to reduce spatial inequality; 2) reduce skills imbalance by well-targeted educational spending beyond primary education; 3) address root causes of gender inequality by fast-tracking laws on equal opportunity in the labour market – without such action other efforts will not be sustainable; 4) Encourage policies for attracting investment in industries that complement rather than compete with small businesses; and 5) Develop policy to attract FDI into more low-skill labour-absorbing sectors to address the problem of human capital distribution.

Related items

Closing the loop: 3 barriers to decent youth employment in Africa’s waste management sector

This blog is part of a research project on the opportunities for decent work for youth in Africa’s Waste Recycling Sector, in collaboration with the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment (CFYE). Waste management in Africa is a major challenge for sustainable and inclusive development. Due to poor management, 90% of the waste generated in Africa is disposed of in landfills and uncontrolled dumpsites with severe consequences for the environment and people working in the waste management sector.

Green jobs & the future of work in Africa: the story of Olivia Onyemaobi and Pad-Up Creations

In this video, we present the story of Olivia Onyemaobi, Nigerian entrepreneur and founder of Pad-Up Creations, a social enterprise producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary pads in partnership with CFYE.

Digital Skills for Youth Employment in Africa

Digitalisation and technological advancements are changing the world of work and the skills needed for employment. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone an estimated 230 million jobs will require digital skills within the next decade offering employment opportunities for its ever growing youth population. However, young people in Africa face several barriers that prevent them to obtain the types of skills required for employment. The evidence synthesis paper published by INCLUDE explores the challenges and opportunities of this digital transformation and presents recommendations of how to equip Africa’s youth for the future of work.

By Ruth van de Velde +3 more
A decent proposal: self-employment for women in Uganda

This blog is part of a case study that examined decent work in the context of the work lives of self-employed and rural women in central Uganda in collaboration with 100WEEKS, a cash transfer graduation programme.

Six key insights for green jobs for youth in Africa

The African green transition has the potential to create a plurality of job opportunities that help tackle the negative consequences of climate change: green jobs. To find out what is needed to facilitate green jobs for young people in Africa, INCLUDE and Palladium engaged in a collaborative research project in the context of the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment.

Siri profile picture