Policy highlights:

  • Youth employment is a significant and pressing development issue, but it is not always clear what governments can do.  This blog discusses a recent paper that offers a perspective on the relevance and nature of skills training.
  • Uganda has a large youth population (60% of the population are under 20), and significant unemployment figures (over 60% of respondents in the sample were unemployed). The study examined the effects of vocational training and apprenticeships combined with matching systems on the firm level in the Ugandan labour market. Firms were randomly matched with three types of workers: those who had received vocational training, wage subsidized apprentices, and untrained workers (a control group). The study surveyed 1,741 workers over four years.
  • Authors found the following: 1) workers benefitted from the certificates of vocational training; 2) higher levels of skills and increasingly transferrable skills were gained from vocational training, and firm-specific skills from apprenticeships; 3) both groups were about 7% more likely to find wage employment and 4) the vocational group is about 4% more likely to be self-employed; on the other hand; 5) the apprentice group is more likely to remain in employment at the firm after wage subsidies end; and 6) both groups earn more wages (apprentices earn a bit more than the vocational training group), and are employed longer (the vocational group longer than the apprentices) than groups that have not received training.
  • Both types of training were found to be beneficial for workers. Vocational training is generally most valuable to workers, both in terms of gaining employment and receiving other job offers while in employment. However, despite the effectiveness of training programmes, workers are often unwilling to pay for these trainings themselves. This is explained by lack of access to credit among workers. For such reasons, policymakers should adopt an integrated approach to address labour market challenges.
Connected themes
Share this post

Related items

Digital Skills for Youth Employment in Africa

Digitalisation and technological advancements are changing the world of work and the skills needed for employment. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone an estimated 230 million jobs will require digital skills within the next decade offering employment opportunities for its ever growing youth population. However, young people in Africa face several barriers that prevent them to obtain the types of skills required for employment. The evidence synthesis paper published by INCLUDE explores the challenges and opportunities of this digital transformation and presents recommendations of how to equip Africa’s youth for the future of work.

+2
By Ruth van de Velde +2 more
A decent proposal: self-employment for women in Uganda

This blog is part of a case study that examined decent work in the context of the work lives of self-employed and rural women in central Uganda in collaboration with 100WEEKS, a cash transfer graduation programme.

Do Ugandan rural smallholder farmers have green jobs?

This blog is part of a case study in collaboration with TUNADO and Woord en Daad that examines how smallholder agriculture and apiculture fit into the green jobs discussion

Six key insights for green jobs for youth in Africa

The African green transition has the potential to create a plurality of job opportunities that help tackle the negative consequences of climate change: green jobs. To find out what is needed to facilitate green jobs for young people in Africa, INCLUDE and Palladium engaged in a collaborative research project in the context of the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment.

Siri profile picture
Note 2: Ap(p)iculture: Compatibility mode for digitalisation?

In this blog, the authors present an analysis of the digital divide in Uganda, where the digital transition is still unequally distributed and user experiences vary greatly depending on the infrastructures available.

+2
By Ester Agasha (PhD) +2 more