Policy highlights:

  • This document summarizes the online discussion ‘Sustaining the impact of capacity development initiatives for African youth in agriculture’, which was held on the ‘FAO Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition in Africa’, (FSN Forum in Africa). The report identifies challenges and opportunities in sustaining the impact of capacity development (CD) initiatives to support youth in agriculture.


  • Youth in Africa face several challenges after completing CD initiatives, related to the way the initiatives are set up, organized and promoted, and to the general institutional and socioeconomic context of agriculture in the region: 1) lack of appropriate targeting of participants for CD initiatives; 2) lack of business skills training; 3) short duration of CD initiatives, after just a few weeks participants graduate; 4) lack of follow-up by organizations on their CD initiatives; 5) lack of or inadequate access to finance to establish and develop agribusinesses; 6) lack of access to land; 7) insufficient access to markets; 8) reality gap.
  • Integrated CD initiatives that offer a complete package of knowledge and business skills are needed, as well as financial, technical and input support. Moreover, CD initiatives must be based on capacity gaps of youth in agriculture. Post-CD should not focus solely on entrepreneurial (hard) skills, but also on psychological (soft) skills, to change the mind-set of youths about working in agriculture and to provide greater encouragement for them to do so.
  • Follow-up of CD initiatives is important to ensure that specified outcomes are achieved. CD initiatives should be continuous and long-term, offering post-CD support, monitoring and impact evaluation. Youth should be stimulated in follow-up activities to form associations and cooperatives, to provide peer support and to create functional value chains.
  • African governments must address the challenges that limit access by youth to land, finance and markets. Policies should promote youth entrepreneurship in agriculture (agripreneurship) and encourage small- to medium-sized agricultural enterprises to grow. Policymakers should focus on access to markets agro-inputs, and facilitating youth participation in decision-making, planning and implementation processes.
  • Infrastructure must be tailored to improving access for rural areas and markets. Additional focus is also needed for the role of modern technology in CD for youth in agriculture: increasing access to information, enabling the development of (online) platforms, increasing potential access to different markets, supporting on-farm activities and raising awareness of global developments in agriculture and agripreneurship.
Connected themes
Share this post

Related items

Green jobs & the future of work in Africa: the story of Olivia Onyemaobi and Pad-Up Creations

In this video, we present the story of Olivia Onyemaobi, Nigerian entrepreneur and founder of Pad-Up Creations, a social enterprise producing affordable and eco-friendly sanitary pads in partnership with CFYE.

Digital Skills for Youth Employment in Africa

Digitalisation and technological advancements are changing the world of work and the skills needed for employment. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone an estimated 230 million jobs will require digital skills within the next decade offering employment opportunities for its ever growing youth population. However, young people in Africa face several barriers that prevent them to obtain the types of skills required for employment. The evidence synthesis paper published by INCLUDE explores the challenges and opportunities of this digital transformation and presents recommendations of how to equip Africa’s youth for the future of work.

By Ruth van de Velde +3 more
A decent proposal: self-employment for women in Uganda

This blog is part of a case study that examined decent work in the context of the work lives of self-employed and rural women in central Uganda in collaboration with 100WEEKS, a cash transfer graduation programme.

Six key insights for green jobs for youth in Africa

The African green transition has the potential to create a plurality of job opportunities that help tackle the negative consequences of climate change: green jobs. To find out what is needed to facilitate green jobs for young people in Africa, INCLUDE and Palladium engaged in a collaborative research project in the context of the Challenge Fund for Youth Employment.

Siri profile picture
youth at work 2 pager
Youth @ Work: 5 pathways for change

How to address the African missing job crisis through green and digital jobs, while assuring that none is left behind? INCLUDE's recently published evidence synthesis paper series provides a number of potential solutions: they were discussed in the webinar series Youth@Work, from which we present five key insights.

Maya Turolla Profile