INCLUDE Platform
Policy highlights:
  • Effective property rights institutions are crucial for tenure security, which in turn can lead to positive economic outcomes. Improving female rights to land is particularly important as women are traditionally susceptible to greater economic discrimination and more vulnerable than men in rural societies.
  • Rural land reform in Ethiopia’s Amhara region aims to strengthen household land rights. Although tenure security has increased, research shows that the effect of reforms on female-headed households has been insignificant.
  • Policymakers aiming to advance women’s economic and social standing through rural land reform should also address other issues, including: 1) access to farming resources; 2) the presence of male support; 3) farmland productivity; and 4) social capital. In addition, there is a need for more research on the determinants of tenure security.

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