INCLUDE Platform

Désiré Assogbavi

ORGANISATION: United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) & the UN Economic Commission for Africa
SPECIALISATION: International Humanitarian Law, International Justice, Civil Service, the African Union and African Politics

A lawyer and citizen of Togo, Désiré Assogbavi is the representative of the United Nations population Fund (UNFPA) to the African Union & the UNECA, and the Chief of the Agency’s Liaison Office in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Before joining the UNFPA, Désiré was the director of Plan International's Pan Africa Office and Head of the Oxfam International Liaison Office with the African Union in Addis Ababa from 2006 to 2017. Before that, he coordinated the Africa Team of the Coalition for the International Criminal Court in New York, USA from 2001 to 2006. From 1997 to 2001, he was an elected Commissioner on the National Human Rights Commission. During the same period, he served as the Head of the Civic Education Department at the National Radio of Togo (Radio-Togo). Désiré studied in Lomé (Togo), Strasbourg (France), Montreal (Canada), and Salzburg (Austria). He has published more than 60 articles and papers in French and English on various issues including International Humanitarian Law, International Justice, Civil Service, the African Union and African Politics etc.

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Question of the Week 23 2017-03-03 16:39:23
I have read the “Marshal Plan” proposal and would like to submit the following comments.

The document captures in a very comprehensive but straight way the current contextual analysis on the state of the continent, the real challenges, a ranch of ideas to tackle those issues and eventual role of African institutions, German government and other European partner could play.

I particularly like the strong connection and alignment of the proposal with the   Africa’s Agenda 2063 as well as a number of other plans and commitments done by African leaders and institutions mostly the African Union organs trying to take African leaders on their own words and promises.

The 3 pillars chosen are pertinent, the issues of fighting illicit financial flows (IFF) and mobilize domestic resources have been well articulated.  

Challenges: 1/ The name “Marshal Plan” for a plan based on :"African solutions" can be wrongly interpreted by the African part… and then catalyze some resistance. It can also be simply called "Partnership for a Common Future" 2/ The Plan has not taken in consideration the rapidly growing partnership between Africa and a number of new partners (China, India etc). Those partnerships are less based on democracy, good governance and human rights principles and may present the risk of delay peace and security to happen in order to facilitate the development process.  This should not be ignored especially in the areas where dictatorship is still the rule in Africa.  A stronger emphasis and investment on people’s power to claim their rights must then be considered.

A few updates are also needed: For example, Morrocco is now a full member of the African Union after more than 30 years of absence. So the AU now regroups all African countries.