INCLUDE Platform
Policy highlights:
  • The Asian experience shows that the main challenges in promoting growth and more inclusive development are often not technical or even financial, but political. The orientation of the government (democratic or authoritarian), capacity of the state, and international factors are important in determining the prospects for more inclusive growth.
  • The Asian experience also suggests that elite commitment and political leadership are crucial elements in what works. How elites (economic, political and social) are linked to broader groups in society, and whether they will use their power and influence to encourage progressive change or entrench their privileged position, will determine the kinds of transformations that are possible. Where elite commitment has included development and redistributive elements, inclusive development has proved to be highly durable over time (e.g. in Malaysia and Singapore); in contrast, contentious politics and a lack of elite commitment have resulted in inclusive development being uneven (e.g. in the Philippines and Thailand)
  • A key lesson to emerge from Asia is that inclusive development cannot be achieved simply by promoting growth, combatting the roots of poverty and strengthening institutions. A more strategic perspective is needed on institutional reforms to identify and prioritize which governance improvements are most crucial at the different stages of growth to enable more inclusive development.

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